Damage to humans by wild animals such as wild boars, deer, bears, monkeys, raccoons, and palm civets is called "animal harm." Crop eating is the most common, and it's really frustrating, especially when the pre-harvest crop is eaten away and ruined.
For this reason, it is necessary to think of some countermeasures, but for those who are working on animal damage control for the first time, they do not know where to start, and there are cases where they take measures that are not expected to be effective and fail. You can
This time, we will explain the behavior and behavior of pests, and explain how to deal with pests in order to succeed.
Three important ideas for animal damage control
There is a basic concept that is necessary for any animal control. There are three points: ( 1) do not leave countermeasures to others, ( 2) respond systematically, and ( 3) correctly understand how to implement each countermeasure .
(1) Do not leave countermeasures to others
The most important thing is the sense of ownership. It is the same when dealing with other problems besides animal damage, but especially when dealing with animal damage, it is easy for each person to have a difference in enthusiasm. If each person cannot see it as their own matter, the problem cannot be solved, and it will take extra time and cost.
Throw away the mindset of "I leave the extermination and protection to the government office and the Hunting Club, so there is no problem" and "Even if I leave it alone, it will be solved soon." will do.
② Respond systematically
Related to ① above, there is a limit to what one person can do. Without the cooperation of the local community, it will not lead to a fundamental solution.
For example, if there are unclaimed orphaned fruit trees in an area that are left unharvested, beasts will be attracted to human settlements. In such a case, it will be necessary to deal with it by establishing rules in the area.
(3) Correctly understand how to implement each measure
Even if the countermeasure itself is correct, it will not be effective enough if it is not done correctly. For example, when installing an electric fence, if the grass is not mowed, electricity will leak to the grass that touches the wire, and it will not be possible to give a sufficient electric shock to drive it away. You must understand and implement the correct method for each type of countermeasure.
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We will explain the current situation and types of animal damage based on the latest data. In order to stop the damage, there is a limit to the measures that can be taken by individuals, and efforts by groups and communities are essential. ◎Types of animal damage and countermeasures>>
What are the animal damage measures for each animal?
For any animal, the method of capture is either 1: Prevent , 2: Drive away (keep away) , or 3: Capture . Please see below for an overview of each animal.
Wild boar damage control
It is characterized by high physical ability and vigilance, and a sharp sense of smell. Even if you put up a net for protection, there are times when it breaks and intrudes, so it is more effective to use a physically strong protective fence and an electric fence together.
Repellents are also available on the market, but it is effective not to use them alone, but to use them together with protective fences to achieve a supplementary effect.
Large box traps and tying traps are used to capture them, but if they get excited, they will also attack humans, so extreme caution is required when catching them. The ecology and countermeasures are summarized in the following article, so please refer to it.
Learn more about wild boar ecology and countermeasures
We will explain the ecology and behavior of wild boars in detail so that meaningless measures will not be implemented due to misunderstandings about the ecology and behavior of wild boars.
◎Detailed explanation of wild boar ecology and behavior>>
Deer damage control
It is characterized by not only agricultural damage but also forestry damage. Due to its ability to jump, it is effective to use a tall guard fence and an electric fence together. In addition, because of its high reproductive potential, we will actively capture it with the mindset of not increasing its population density.
Large box traps and tie traps are used to capture wild boars. They are less difficult to capture than wild boars with high learning ability, and when captured, they basically do not attack humans and tend to run away.
Learn more about deer ecology and countermeasures
In addition to explaining the behavior and habits of deer, I will also explain the difference in fertility, males and females, and why deer damage does not decrease.
◎ Let's learn about the behavior and habits of deer >>
Bear damage control
Electric fences are often used to prevent damage. In addition, it is necessary to clean up garbage and crop residues properly, to prevent them from attracting them, and to encounter them as much as possible.
Bears (Asian black bears) are hunted animals, but due to their small population numbers, there are restrictions on harmful capture and hunting in many areas. Therefore, it is necessary to check with the local department in charge if it is possible to catch them.
Learn more about bear ecology and countermeasures
With bears causing damage on a daily basis, it would be desirable to take measures as much as possible in order to prevent personal injury before it happens. Here are the details for that. ◎Bear ecology and damage prevention measures>>
Animal damage control for monkeys
They are characterized by their reliance on sight to obtain information, their behavior in groups, and their high learning ability. If they become accustomed to people, they will become troublesome, so they will not be fed or left unattended, and the entire community will actively drive them away.
In some cases, they become accustomed to repeatedly appearing near human living areas, and such individuals are captured using box traps. Box traps for wild boars and deer are sturdy, but they are not suitable for dexterous monkeys due to their large eyes. For that reason, we use one that is one size smaller and has a finer mesh.
Because they are smart, they are difficult to catch, but it is a good idea to catch them when there are few crops to feed on in the area. If the movement route is clear, tying traps are also effective.
Learn more about monkey ecology and countermeasures
Among crop damage caused by wild birds and animals, the damage caused by monkeys is the second largest after wild boars and deer. In this article, we will discuss the ecology of monkeys and how to control, trap, and exterminate them. ◎Measures against damage from beasts - Damage control, capture, and extermination of Japanese macaques>>
Animal damage control for palm civets
It is good at high-altitude movement and can also invade houses. Prevention of invasion, reduction of bait, and capture are the basic measures.
Nets, wire mesh, galvanized iron, and electric fences are used to prevent intrusion. Box traps are often used to catch them. If it is a box trap that is one size larger than the individual size, it can be caught, and many low-priced folding types are also used. Many fruits are used to attract and capture them.
Learn more about palm civet countermeasures
There have been various reports of palm civet damage, such as staining houses and cultural properties with excreta. In this article, we will explain the characteristics of palm civets and how to prevent damage. ◎ Regarding measures against palm civets >>
Raccoon damage control
Although it is targeted for eradication in Japan because it is a specified alien species, its breeding is spreading nationwide due to its strong fertility.
Civets are captured using box traps, etc. similar to palm civets, but there are various restrictions under the Invasive Alien Species Act, so first contact the department in charge in your area. For raccoons, the regulations for capturing other animals may be relaxed, even if you capture them by proxy or by yourself.
Learn more about raccoon ecology and countermeasures
The raccoon is an alien species that does not originally live in Japan. Countermeasures and extermination must be taken because it may cause agricultural damage, harm to people, and infectious diseases. For those who are worried about raccoon damage, we will explain countermeasures, extermination methods, and ecology. ◎Regarding raccoon ecology, countermeasures, and extermination>>
Animal damage control for badgers
Especially in Kyushu, many damages have been reported. As with palm civets, the basic countermeasures are to prevent intrusion, reduce the number of food items, and capture them. Box traps are used to catch them, and the difficulty level is not high, but caution is required as they have sharp claws.
Learn more about badger characteristics and countermeasures
Badgers are often mistaken for raccoon dogs, but in this article, we will explain the characteristics of badgers and how to deal with wildlife damage. ◎Features of badgers and countermeasures>>
Nutria animal damage control
Like the raccoon, it is designated as a specific alien species. It mainly lives near water, and traps are set up where nutria come up from the water or near burrows to capture them. As with any other animal, keep bushes and undergrowth clear for their favorite path.
Learn more about the characteristics and countermeasures of nutria
The nutria is a large rat native to South America and is a invasive alien species. Since it eats waterside plants vigorously, there have been reports of agricultural damage to rice plants, etc., mainly in western Japan. I will describe its ecology and countermeasures in detail. ◎Features and countermeasures for nutria>>
Raccoon dog damage control
As a countermeasure method, it is the same as palm civet, raccoon, and palm civet. It is mainly nocturnal and often comes to eat crops at night.
Box traps similar to those used for palm civets are used to capture them, but they often come to the bait of large box traps for wild boars. The bait should be cheap and oily.
Learn more about raccoon dog ecology and countermeasures
Raccoon dogs are also a nuisance because they invade fields and kitchen gardens, eat crops, and drop feces. This time, I will explain the ecology of such raccoon dogs and how to prevent damage. ◎Understand the ecology of raccoon dogs and learn how to deal with them>>
Rat damage control
It will be a natural enemy for those who run restaurants and ceremonial halls. It is quickest to ask a contractor, but when catching them yourself, determine the route of entry of the rats and set up traps and adhesive sheets.
In the case of buildings and large facilities, we also accept estimates, so please contact us.
Learn more about rat ecology and countermeasures
Rats have been causing various damages to human life since ancient times, but even today, they are adeptly adapting to urban environments such as inside buildings in large cities, increasing and causing problems. I will describe the countermeasures in detail. ◎ I was troubled by rat damage! Know the types and habits, and take appropriate measures. >>